Types of Fitness Training Exercises for Sports
Numerous types of fitness training exercises improve performance in specific sports. Together, the correct combination of activities must should build the
that are key to high performance in each specific sport. Think of the fitness components, such as speed, strength, and agility, as general qualities that are developed through skills like running, bounding, and jumping.
All exercises training regimens should be developed under the guidelines of general
sports training principles.
Types of Fitness Training
Circuits is a great way to build a variety of fitness components and skills, particularly for larger groups of athletes. It features multiple stations where athletes perform assigned activities for specific periods of time or until they've completed a set number of repetitions, and then they rotate.
Intervals involves short bursts of intense activity interspersed with lighter activity or rest periods. For example, athletes may repeat 200 meter sprints with full recovery or specific rest intervals. Intervals are excellent for building speed endurance for sports where intense activity is separated by brief recovery periods, such as soccer, basketball, and rugby.
Strength Training requires athletes to use resistances to build strength, endurance, and size. Barbells, resistance bands, machines, and other types of equipment that offer resistance can be used to build strength--even the athlete's own body weight.
Plyometrics, or bounding exercises, are excellent for building power, coordination, and explosiveness. Boxes are sometimes used to capitalize on the effect of gravity for additional resistances.
Endurance fitness can involve a variety of sustained activities that improve cardiorespiratory function, or the heart and lungs. Jogging, swimming, and cycling are examples of activities that builds aerobic capabilities while improving muscular endurance.
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